Avatara

Avatāra

The Sanskrit word avatāraḥ is derived from ava meaning ‘down’ or descent and tarati  meaning ‘crossing over or tiding over’ and refers to the deliberate descent of a deity, immortal being or the Supreme Being from heaven (normally Viṣṇu) for specific purpose(s). As a noun, avatar also means a new personification of a familiar, idea[i] like an embodiment[ii] or a temporary manifestation[iii].
God is one in Hinduism, to which there is no doubt and is represented by the sacred syllable om (ॐ).

Types of avatāra

There are six primary types of Viṣṇu avatāra or incarnations –
(1)   Puruṣa avatāra: avatāra of Viṣṇu descending for the sake of upholding dharma
(2)   Lilā avatāra: Viṣṇu avatāra (descending) for various ‘lila; (play, Rāma of pastimes) and include (1) Catuḥsana, (2) Nārada, (3) Varāha, (4) Matsya, (5) Yajña, (6) Nara- Nārāyaṇa, (7) Kardami Kapila, (8) Dattātreya, (9) Hayasirsa, (10) Haṁsa, (11) Dhruvapriya, or Prsnigarbha, (12) Rsabha, (13) Pṛthu, (14) Nṛsiṁha, (15) Kūrma, (16) Dhanvantari, (17) Mohini, (18) Vāmana, (19) Paraśurāma, (20) Raghavendra, (21) Vyāsa, (22) Balarāma, (23) Kṛṣṇa, (24) Buddha and (25) Kalki as given in the Bhagavata Purāṇa.
Of these, 22 incarnations are considered most crucial and protect the 22 steps (baisi pahacha) of the Jagannāth temple symbolizing the steps one has to take to achieve yoga with Jagannāth. These are (1) Catuḥsana, (2) Varāha, (3) Nārada, (4) Nara-Nārāyaṇa, (5) Kardami Kapila, (6) Dattātreya, (7) Yajña, (8) Rsabha, (9) Prthu, (10) Matsya, (11) Kūrma, (12) Dhanvantari, (13) Mohini, (14) Nṛsiṁha, (15)  Vāmana, (16) Bhargava Paraśurāma, (17) Vyāsa, (18) Rāmachandra, (19) Balarāma, (20) Kṛṣṇa, (21) Buddha and (22) Kalki.
(3)   Guṇa avatāra: based on the three modes of rajas, satva and tamas these are Brahma, Viṣṇu  and Śiva and reside within the material creation in these modes.
(4)   Yuga avatāra: viṣṇu avatāra heralding the closing of a yuga (time cycle) and ensuring the continuity of the next. In every mahayuga there are four yuga – Satya, Treta, Dvāpara and Kali bearing the primary colors white, red, black and yellow respectively[iv].
(5)   Manvantāra – avatāra: Also called Manu, they are the progenitors of manuśya (human beings) at the beginning of every kalpa (day of Brahma or the beginning of creation).
(6)   Saktyavesa – avatāra: jīvātmā (souls) empowered by Viṣṇu [for a short duration] during their continued existence. They are normally teachers and provide knowledge that helps to sustain mankind like Dhanvantari a jīva tattva śaktyavesa avatar Who taught ayurveda (medicine) and medicinal plants. Lord Buddha, Kapila, Ṛṣabhadeva and Nara-Nārāyaṇa are also saktyavesa avatāra as they were primarily great teachers. Recent theorists have added Jesus Christ and Hazrat Muhammad as well as Bhaktivedānta Swami Prabhupada to this list as they were also great spiritual teachers. However others have attempted to add all deities Brahma and Śiva to this list and are quite wrong in doing so as they are to be exclusively listed under guṇa avatāra.


(Footnotes)
[i] WordNet, Princeton University
[ii] An embodiment, as of a quality or concept; an archetype: ‘the very avatar of cunning’. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition; Dictionary.com
[iii] A temporary manifestation or aspect of a continuing entity: ‘occultism in its present avatar’. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition;  Dictionary.com
[iv] Bhagavata Purāṇa 10.8.13; Sri Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada;

0 comments

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

ConsultShortCallDoc

Standard Reading US$ 270
Vedic Reading with Pt. Sanjay Rath. Telephone or Personal meeting. Digital recordings emailed same day.
For Appointment Contact: SanjayRath@gmail.com




Quick Consult 30 Min US$ 180
Vedic Reading with Pt. Sanjay Rath. Telephone or Personal meeting.
For Appointment Contact: SanjayRath@gmail.com





Appointment: WhatsApp | Email
Call only with prior appointment
US:+1 (650) 209 4770
IN:+91 (11) 4504 8762
UK: +44 (20) 7617 7373
AU: +61 (03) 9013 7774
You MUST download, fill and email reading form to VedicReading@SRath.com
PDF is not advisible unless this is for personal meeting
Rich Text Format [rtf] 143.39 Kb
Word – DOC [doc] 98.50 Kb
Word – DOCX [docx] 45.24 Kb
Portable Document PDF [pdf] 89.05 Kb

Guru-Śiṣya

ॐ गुरवे नमः
Pravrajika Shraddhaprana

Guru Dakṣiṇā
Pt.Sanjay Rath belongs to a traditional family of astrologers from Bira Balabhadrapur Sasan village of Puri, Orissa, which trace their lineage back to Shri Achyuta Das (Sri Achyutananda).
Students | Others
India
Sanjay Rath
HDFC Savings A/C No: 00261000249926
Branch: NEW DELHI - ORN MARKET | IFSC CODE: HDFC0000026
13-B Pusa Road, Bazar Marg,Old Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi 110 060

ॐ श्री श्री आदिगुरवे नमः

Upcoming Events

  • PJC-2A Batch-2017 October 11, 2018 – October 28, 2018 Bhairavgarh By Zennia | Luxury Resort In Udaipur, Maharana Pratap Khel Gaon, 200 ft Road Opposite R.T.O, Bhuwana, Chitrakoot Nagar, Udaipur, Rajasthan 313001, India http://www.bhairavgarh.com/index.html
  • MSP Year-1 Starts October 23, 2018
  • PJC-Eurasia 2B: Visti's batch February 14, 2019 – February 27, 2019 MVT Guesthouse & Restaurant, Bhaktivedanta Swami Marg, Behind ISKCON temple, RamanReti, Raman Reiti, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh 281121, India
  • Shiva Ratri March 4, 2019 at 4:28 pm – March 5, 2019 at 7:07 pm Nishita Kaal Puja Time = 24:07+ to 24:57+ Duration = 0 Hours 49 Mins On 5th, Maha Shivaratri Parana (पारणा) Fast Breaking Time= 06:46 to 15:26 Ratri First Prahar Puja Time = 18:18 to 21:25 Ratri Second Prahar Puja Time = 21:25 to 24:32+ Ratri Third Prahar Puja Time = 24:32+ to 27:39+ Ratri Fourth…
  • Mantra Shastra 01 March 7, 2019 – March 16, 2019

Subscribe via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 5,400 other subscribers

Learn from Tradition

Sohamsa offers online courses in jyotish (Vedic Astrology) taught directly by Sanjay Rath as per the tradition, through narrated power points and other audio tools. The courses are at different levels, from the beginners through the intermediate to the advanced and are known as SoHamsa | DBC courses, with individual classrooms and assistant teachers
Certificate Course, Jaimini Scholars
Free Courses

Sagittarius Publications

Sagittarius Publications is the publisher and distributor the popular quaterly magazine the Jyotish Digest, as well as many thorough books on the subject of Vedic Astrology or Jyotish.
Among its popular publications are Collected Papers in Vedic Astrology, Brihat Nakshatra and Maharishi Jaimini Upadesa Sutra by Sanjay Rath and Nakshatra Vibhuti
www.sagittariuspublications.com
+91-11-45641849 9 AM - 5 PM