There can be nothing more fearful than the 8th house which is called Randhra bhava in Jyotisa. The lord of the 8th house represents that which we astrologers call “the hand of destiny,” in a most negative sense. While many studies have been made about this house and its lord, here we are examining the effect of Rahu on the 8th house. Normally most astrologers assume that the conjunction of two malefic factors – the most malefic bhava (i.e. 8th house) and the most malefic planet in Jyotisa (i.e. Rahu) should produce the worst malfeasance, but that is not true all the time. When Rahu is in the 8th house, it can give sudden changes of fortune, and when in conjunction with the lord of another house, activities related to the other planet activate the results of Rahu – both positive and negative.

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mangala_tuesday
Maṅgalika doṣa is a flaw of the energy processing system in the native. Mars (maṅgala) represents agni tattva and when this is flawed, the energy gets directed to wrong purposes and the result is terrible waste of both resources and time in addition to much suffering and pain.

It is interesting to note that the ancient seers did not attribute so much flaw to the placement of other planets including Saturn as has been placed on the placement of Mars. This is because we live in bhūrloka, the earth-plane and the devatā who is the guardian deity of this plane is ‘Agni’. In jyotiṣa this translates to Mars as it represents Agni tattva. The planets representing the guardians for the sapta-loka are in the order of the horā: Mars (bhūrloka), Sun (bhuvarloka), Venus (svarloka), Mercury (maharloka), Moon (janarloka), Saturn (taparloka) and Jupiter (satyaloka).

Defining Maṅgalika Doṣa

Maṅgalika Doṣa is an astrological combination that occurs if Mars (maṅgala) is placed in specific houses in the horoscope. Ancient seers have listed five houses for maṅgalika doṣa as the 2nd, 4th, 7th, 8th and 12th bhāva. Astrologers of some traditions add the lagna as well while others add lagna and remove the 2nd bhāva.

The reason why the ancient seers avoided the lagna was because of the dictum that any planet placed in lagna ultimately becomes favourable as lagna is the seat of the praise-worthy one. Now if we are going to praise Mars when it is placed in lagna, how can we do so if it is also causing maṅgalika doṣa. An argument to the contrary would be that Saturn in lagna is very inauspicious and the counter to that is the special condition of maraṇa kāraka sthāna. Since Saturn in lagna is in maraṇa kāraka sthāna, it is inauspicious and this does not apply to any other planet. In fact, Saturn is the only planet which gives good results when weak and when strong it can cause much suffering and all the evils promised by it will be fully experienced in the lifetime. Therefore there seems to be very sound logic in the ancients using only five houses viz. 2nd, 4th, 7th, 8th and 12th, for the definition of maṅgalika doṣa.
bhairava

Maṅgalika Groups

Further, these houses are in two or three groups depending on viewpoint:

1. In the first viewpoint, there are two groups:
(A) Sukha (happiness) or śānti (peace) trikoṇa of 4th, 8th and 12th bhāva which becomes aśānti trikoṇa bringing in irritation, agitation and conflict instead, and
(B) Śrīmanta bhāva consisting of 2nd and 7th houses which are naturally owned by Venus (Taurus, Libra are the 2nd and 7th houses of nature). Venus is the naisargika Kalatra kāraka and of jala tattva whereas Mars ruling agni tattva, destroys all that is so auspicious for saṁsāra (worldly life) when in these 2nd or 7th houses.

2. In the second viewpoint, there are three groups:
(A) chaturaśra of 4th and 8th bhāva which are the pillars of home and health and Mars placed in these houses can destroy properties and cause a person to wander like a vagabond
(B) śubha (auspicious) yoga of 2nd and 12th houses becomes aśubha (inauspicious) yoga with Mars in these houses and the blessings of a clean intellect are lost to terrible conflict in relationships in family and work
(C) maraṇa kāraka sthāna of Mars is the 7th bhāva where instead of love and enjoyments of this bhūrloka (earth plane), destiny brings many battles to your door

Either way, together these are the 2nd, 7th, 4th, 8th and 12th houses. For a proper understanding and application of maṅgalika doṣa, both these viewpoints have to be used and reconciled to see the expression of results in life.

Therefore when Mars is in the 2nd, 4th, 7th, 8th or 12th bhāva, the native has maṅgalika doṣa which can make life on earth like a jail term. The native feels very trapped in circumstances related to the bhāva in question and this impacts personal life as the tendency is to blame ones dear ones for all the maladies of life. Such an attitude results in great suffering for the spouse as well and estrangement by divorce, death or abandonment occurs.

Maṅgalika Chandra Lagna

Please note that the maṅgalika doṣa from the Moon sign is slightly different. It includes the 1st, 7th, 4th, 8th and 12th houses where the 2nd is replaced by the 1st house. Planets in the 2nd bhāva from the Moon are considered very auspicious as they herald good fortune whereas Sasi-Maṅgala yoga of Moon-Mars is a Rudra yoga bringing in much strife in personal life leading to an adulterous behaviour. Such natives have multiple relationships.

Āruḍha Pada

Āruḍha literally means mount and refers to the illusion (Maya) created by the reflection of a sign about its lord or vice versa (i.e. the image of the lord reflected by its sign). The first is called Rāśi Āruḍha or simply Bhāva Pada while the latter is called Graha Āruḍha. Not going into the details of usage, we shall touch on its calculation. The most important point to note is what I call the satya principle. According to this principle, the first and seventh houses from any sign represent its satya or truth representing Brahma and Śiva respectively[8]. Maya (illusion) is asat (untruth) and is divorced from Sat (Truth). Hence, the Āruḍha Pada representing illusion can never be in the first or seventh sign. Accordingly, both Maharishi Parāśara and Jaimini have given the following rules for calculating Āruḍha.

1) For Rāśi Āruḍha, count from the sign to the sign occupied by its Lord. Then count as many signs from the Lord. The sign arrived at is the Rāśi Āruḍha.

2) For Graha Āruḍha, count from the planet to its own sign. Then count as many signs from this own sign. The sign arrived at is the Graha Āruḍha.

3) If the Āruḍha of a sign/planet happens to be in the same sign itself, then the tenth house from it should be treated as the Āruḍha.

4) If the Āruḍha of a sign/planet happens to be in the seventh sign from it, then the fourth house from it should be treated as the Āruḍha.

Illustration Rāśi Āruḍha Chakra

Figure 8: Rāśi Āruḍha Chakra
Figure 8: Rāśi Āruḍha Chakra

Draw the Rāśi Āruḍha Chakra for the Standard Nativity. The nomenclature used for indicating the Āruḍha in the chart is “A” with a sub-script that shows the house/planet (or both[9]). Sometimes the Āruḍha Lagna (A1) is written as AL and the Āruḍha of the 12th house (A12) called Upapada Lagna is written as UL. Some illustrative calculations (refer fig.8):

1) AL: Āruḍha Lagna in Sagittarius: Lagna is in Pisces and its Lord Jupiter is also placed in Pisces. Count from Pisces to the sign occupied by its Lord we get ‘1’. Now count ‘1’ from Jupiter to again get Pisces as the Āruḍha. Since the Āruḍha cannot be in the same sign, apply rule-3 above and the tenth sign from Pisces (Sagittarius) becomes the Āruḍha Lagna.

2) A2: Dhana Pada in Aquarius: The second house is Aries and its Lord Mars is placed in Virgo. Count from Aries to Virgo –we get ‘6’. Now count ‘6’ signs from Virgo. The sign arrived at (Aquarius) is the Āruḍha of the second house (A2).

3) A12: Upapada in Libra: The 12th house is Aquarius having two Lords. Determine the stronger of the two using the rules given under Chapter-II Para (5). In this case Rāhu in exaltation and in a dual sign is stronger than Saturn. Count from Aquarius to Gemini (Rāhu placement) – we get 5 signs. Count ‘5’ signs from Rāhu (Gemini) to arrive at Libra which is the Āruḍha Pada of 12th house (A12) or UL.

Illustration: Graha Āruḍha Chakra

Draw the Graha Āruḍha Chakra of the Standard Nativity.

Figure 9: Graha Āruḍha Chakra

The nomenclature used for indicating the Graha Āruḍha in the chart is “Name of planet” with a sub-script that shows the sign. This is not necessary for the Luminaries (Sun & Moon) and the nodes (Rāhu & Ketu) as they own one house each. The Graha Āruḍha Chakra for the Standard Nativity is given in Fig-9.

Some illustrative examples:

1) Sun: Sun is in Cancer and owns the sign Leo. Count from the Sun to Leo – we get ‘2’. Now count ‘2’ signs from Leo, we get Virgo as the sign occupied by the Sun in the Graha Āruḍha Chakra.

2) Ju-9: Jupiter owns Sagittarius. Count from Jupiter (in Pisces) to Sagittarius – we get ‘10’ signs. Now count ‘10’ signs from Sagittarius to arrive at Virgo the Āruḍha. However, the Āruḍha cannot be in the first or seventh house from the natal position. Since Virgo is the seventh house, apply rule-4 and the fourth house from the natal position Gemini becomes the Graha Āruḍha.

3) Note that the Graha Āruḍha of Rāhu & Ketu is always in the same sign. In this case it is Libra.


[8] In Hari-Hara-Brahma Yoga, the Lagna Lord represents the blessings from Brahma whereas the seventh lord represents the blessings from Shiva. (Refer-300 important combinations by Dr B V Raman).

[9] This is a very advanced concept and may be ignored by beginners.

Argalā

Argalā means planetary/sign intervention. I consider this the single greatest teaching of Maharishi Parāśara without which we cannot explain the hidden or subtle influence of a planet in the chart. The magnificent theory of Argalā stipulates the following: –

(a) Every planet has the power to influence the affairs of every other planet or house.

Thus for example, even if a planet has nothing to do with the second house by way of ownership, aspect, conjunction etc, it does not mean that the person shall stop eating food during the daśā of the said planet. This is where the Argalā concept comes to the rescue and explains the way in which this planet has a subtle influence on both the second house as well as the second lord.

(b) Bodies (including planets, signs and upagraha etc.) placed in the second, fourth and eleventh house from any planet/sign have PRIMARY ARGALĀ (direct intervention) in its affairs.

(c) Bodies (including planets, signs and Upagraha etc.) placed in the twelfth, tenth and third houses cause VIRODHA ARGALĀ (Obstruction to Argalā) on the bodies (planets/signs) in the second, fourth and eleventh house respectively.

Illustration: Determine the Primary Argalā & Virodha Argalā on the Lagna in the Standard Nativity.

Primary Argala: Note opposing house groups 2nd vs 12th; 4th vs 10th and 11th vs 3rd
Figure 5: Primary Argalā (A) & Obstruction or Virodha Argalā (O) – Note opposing house groups 2nd vs 12th; 4th vs 10th and 11th vs 3rd

The Lagna is Pisces having the Argalā of Aries (2nd House-A2) which is obstructed by Aquarius & Moon (12th house-O12). More planets indicate strength, hence the obstruction is stronger than the Argalā.

Primary Argalā is also caused by Rāhu in Gemini in the fourth house (A4) which is obstructed by Ketu in the tenth house in Sagittarius (O10). Both the signs and planets are equally strong. However, the aspect of Jupiter on Sagittarius makes it stronger than Gemini. Thus, the Primary malefic Argalā of Rāhu is ultimately defeated due to Jupiter.

Primary Argalā is also caused by Saturn in the eleventh house in Capricorn (A11). Since there are no planets in the sign of Virodha Argalā (O3), the obstruction is much weaker than the Argalā and the intervention of Saturn in the affairs of the Lagna shall prevail.

(a) Bodies (including planets, signs and Upagraha etc.) placed in the fifth and eighth house from any planet/sign have SECONDARY ARGALĀ (direct intervention but lower in influence than primary Argalā) in its affairs.

(b) Bodies (including planets, signs and Upagraha etc.) placed in the ninth and sixth houses cause VIRODHA ARGALĀ (Obstruction to Argalā) on the bodies (planets/signs) in the fifth and eighth house respectively.

Illustration: Determine the Secondary Argalā & Virodha Argalā on the Lagna in the Standard Nativity.

Figure 6: Secondary Argalā (A) and its Obstruction (O)
Figure 6: Secondary Argalā (A) and its Obstruction (O)

The fifth house is Cancer with the Sun & Venus in it causing secondary Argalā (A5) on the Lagna. This is obstructed by Scorpio (O9) in the ninth house. However, the Argalā with two planets is stronger than the obstruction without any planet.

Secondary Argalā is also caused by the eighth house Libra (A8) that is fully obstructed by the sixth house Leo (O6) with Mercury in it, as Leo with a planet is stronger than Libra without any planets.

(a) Special Argalā is also caused by the presence of Malefics in the third house.

Earlier we have seen that the third house acts as an obstruction to the Argalā in the eleventh house. However, if the third house has malefic planets in it, then they can suo moto, cause Argalā. Such an Argalā does not have any kind of intervention.

(b) Special Argalā is also caused by the planets/sign in the seventh house. However, this can be removed by the planet/sign in the Lagna which cause Virodha Argalā.

(c) The Argalā reckoning from Ketu is in the reverse direction[5].

If Ketu is in a sign from which the Argalā is being determined, or if the Argalā is being determined for Ketu (Spiritual purposes), then the counting of houses/signs is in the reverse.

Illustration: Determine the Tertiary Argalā & Virodha Argalā on the Lagna in the Standard Nativity.

sr_d1_arT

There are no planets in the third house let alone malefic planets. The sign in the third house is also a beneficial sign (Taurus). Thus, Special Argalā (A3) does not exist.

The seventh house has Mars in Virgo causing Argalā (A7) that is obstructed by the presence of Jupiter in Lagna (O1). Both signs are equally strong by the placement of planets, but Pisces is much stronger as Jupiter is in own sign. Thus, Jupiter obstructs the Argalā. In this manner, the various influences of each of the signs and planets on every other sign or planet can be examined.

(a) If both the Argalā (intervention) and Virodha (Obstruction) are equally strong, Bandana Yoga (Bondage) can result.

If both are malefic and equal, the Bandana Yoga can be very evil or adverse like confinement after an accident (where the 2nd & 12th houses are involved showing the accident in the 2nd house which is a Maraka[6] and the hospital in the 12th house). This can also indicate adverse situation concerning education and career if the 4th and 10th are involved. If the planets are poles apart in nature, then the education may have nothing to do with the career like a qualified doctor working as a bureaucrat. Fifth and ninth houses involved show very adverse situations that can also cause terrible misfortunes, jail terms etc.

If beneficial planets are involved, then the bondage could relate to staying indoors for writing a book, meditation or other means of beneficial confinement. A careful study of the nature of the planet, signs involved etc, has to be made.

(b) If the planet causing Argalā is inimical to the house/planet under consideration, it shall prevent the same from achieving its purpose by showing different directions. This does not apply to the special Argalā in the third house (refer-‘f’) where the presence of malefics alone shall constitute the Argalā.

For example in the Figure-5, the Argalā of Rāhu on Jupiter is considered evil due to the inherent inimical disposition of the two planets. Being in the fourth house, this Argalā gave education in an English medium public school and tried to keep the person away from the traditional learning or value systems (Jupiter). Since the Argalā is equally obstructed by Ketu (esoteric studies, astrology[7], gaṇita etc.) the traditional learning continued through informal methods like learning Vedic Astrology etc. Since both are equally strong, both continued simultaneously. However, Jupiter causes the balance to tilt in favor of Ketu and the native finally took up jyotiṣa in a big way.

(c) Special argalā of the third house gives success in battles and competitions while the Argalā of the seventh can be the greatest blessing like a loving spouse or a curse like a characterless wife.


[5] Vipareetam Ketoh (J.S.1.1.8)

[6] Maraka lit. Killer

[7] If Ketu and Jupiter associate with the Lagna or Swamsa, then the native has traditional learning like Ganita, Jyotisha etc.

Tattva

There are five principal elements or states of existence of all material bodies called TATTVA. These are (1) the Solid state called Pṛthvi or Earth, (2) the Liquid state called Jala or Water, the Gaseous state called Vāyu, the Vacuum state called Ākāśa or the Energy state called Agni. Each sign is assigned one of the four principle elements of Agni (loosely called Fire), Vāyu (loosely called Air), Pṛthvi (loosely called Earth), and Jala (loosely called Water). However the fifth, Ākāśa Tattva (loosely called Sky) pervades all the signs and represents Viṣṇu Who pervades everything although not visible to mortal eyes.

Other basics can be studied from standard texts. To use Nārāyaṇa Daśā, the reader should be conversant with certain tools of jyotiṣa like Argalā, Rāśi dṛṣṭi, Āruḍha Pada (both Rāśi & Graha), Chara Kāraka etc, which have been given in considerable detail in the Bṛhat Parāśara Horā Śāstra and other standard texts. Some of these are enumerated as below while the others can be learnt from my books[1].

Dṛṣṭi (Sight)

The planets and signs have a sight or ability to influence/decipher the readings of other bodies (signs/ stars or planets) stationed at certain positions from them. The rules for Graha dṛṣṭi (planetary sight) and Rāśi dṛṣṭi (Sign sight) are as follows: –

  1. Graha dṛṣṭi (planetary sight) is an expression of desire which is relatively more temporary as compared to Rāśi Dṛṣṭi (Sign sight) is an expression of knowledge.
  2. All planets excepting Ketu the headless one, have sight.
  3. All planets aspect the seventh sign from where they are stationed.
  4. The outer planets Mars, Jupiter and Saturn have special aspects on signs other than the seventh sign. So also, Rāhu has special aspects. Just like an eagle can see everything from a position above, so also the outer planets are at a relative height above the earth (as reckoned from the Sun) and hence acquire this ability of special aspect.
  5. None of the planets can aspect the 2nd or 12th house from their station, except Rāhu who can see the second house from its station counted zodiacally (or 12th house counted in reverse. They are one and the same.)
  6. None of the planets can aspect the 6th & 11th houses, as these are places of Danda (punishment) and Hara (removal from this planet)[2]. Planets/ bodies cannot desire punishment and removal from this material universe. The only one who creates this desire of removal from the material world is Ketu and hence it is the Mokṣa Kāraka (giver of emancipation).
  7. Thus, removing the 2nd & 12th, the 6th & 11th and 1st & 7th signs which have already been explained above, the outer planets have special aspects on the remaining signs (3rd, 4th, 5th, 8th, 9th & 10th)
    1. Mars aspects the chaturaśra (4th & 8th signs).
    2. Jupiter and Rāhu aspect the prārabdha/ pūrva puṇya (good or evil done in the past birth as indicated by the 5th and 9th houses). While Jupiter indicates the puṇya (net good karma from past life), Rāhu indicates the pāpa (net bad karma from past life).
    3. Saturn aspects the upachaya[3] (houses of growth 3rd & 10th) and indicates the resources that would be depleted in fulfilling personal desires or weaknesses (called ṣaḍripu[4]).
  8. Rāśi dṛṣṭi is a permanent feature of the signs and they are like buildings in the skies, facing each other.
    1. The movable signs aspect all fixed signs except the one juxtapose.
    2. The fixed signs aspect all movable signs except the one juxtapose.
    3. The dual signs aspect each other.
  9. Every sign that is aspected by another also aspects it. Thus if Taurus aspects Libra, then Libra also aspects Taurus.
  10. Planets placed in signs also aspect other planets and signs on the basis of Rāśi dṛṣṭi. However, this shows having knowledge of each other and/or involvement in similar activities.

Chart 1: Determine the aspects in the Standard Nativity (Male born on 7th August 1963 at 9:15’ PM IST, Sambalpur, India (21N28’ 84E01’)

The horoscope is given in Chart-1.  The Graha Dṛṣṭi are shown in Figure-3 and Table-3 whereas the Rāśi Dṛṣṭi are shown in Figure-4 & Table-4 respectively.
sr_d1

sr_d1_drs
Figure 4:Rāśi Dṛṣṭi –Example, Rashi Drsti of Pisces and Jupiter

Table 3: Graha Dṛṣṭi

Planet Sign Aspected Planet Aspected Remarks
Sun Capricorn Saturn 7th house
Moon Leo Mercury 7th house
Mars Sagittarius Ketu 4th House Special
Pisces Jupiter 7th house
Aries 8th house Special
Mercury Aquarius Moon 7th house
Jupiter Cancer Sun, Venus 5th house Special
Virgo Mars 7th house
Scorpio 9th house Special
Venus Capricorn Saturn 7th house
Saturn Pisces Jupiter 3rd house Special
Cancer Sun, Venus 7th house
Libra 10th house
Rāhu Cancer Sun, Venus 2nd house Special
Libra 5th house Special
Sagittarius Ketu 7th house
Aquarius Moon 9th house Special

Table 4: Rāśi Dṛṣṭi

Rāśi(Planets) Aspected Sign(Planets in aspected sign) Remarks
Aries Leo (Merc), Scorpio, Aquarius (Moon) Aries is movable sign and aspects the three fixed signs excepting Taurus, which is adjacent.
Taurus Cancer (Sun, Ven), Libra, Capricorn (Sat) Taurus is a fixed sign and aspects three movable signs except Aries, which is adjacent.
Gemini(Rāhu) Virgo (Mars), Sagittarius (Ketu), Pisces (Jup) Gemini is a dual sign and aspects the other dual signs. Similarly, Rāhu placed in Gemini also aspects the dual signs and the planets in them.
Cancer(Sun, Ven) Scorpio, Aquarius (Moon), Taurus Cancer is movable sign and aspects the three fixed signs excepting Leo, which is adjacent. Similarly, the Sun and Venus also aspect these signs as well as the Moon in Aquarius.
Leo(Merc) Libra, Capricorn (Sat), Aries Leo is a fixed sign and aspects three movable signs except Cancer, which is adjacent. Similarly, Mercury also aspects these signs as well as Saturn in Capricorn.
Virgo(Mars) Sagittarius (Ketu), Pisces (Jup), Gemini (Rah) Virgo is a dual sign and aspects the other dual signs. Similarly, Mars placed in Virgo also aspects the dual signs and the planets in them.
Libra Aquarius (Moon), Taurus, Leo (Merc), Libra is movable sign and aspects the three fixed signs excepting Scorpio, which is adjacent. Similarly, it also aspects the Moon in Aquarius and Mercury in Leo.
Scorpio Capricorn (Sat), Aries, Cancer (Sun, Ven) Scorpio is a fixed sign and aspects three movable signs except Libra, which is adjacent. Similarly, it also aspects Saturn in Capricorn and Sun & Venus in Cancer.
Sagittarius(Ketu) Pisces (Jup), Gemini (Rah), Virgo (Mars) Sagittarius is a dual sign and aspects the other dual signs. Similarly, Ketu placed in Sagittarius also aspects the dual signs and the planets in them.
Capricorn(Sat) Taurus, Leo (Merc), Scorpio Capricorn is movable sign and aspects the three fixed signs excepting Aquarius, which is adjacent. Similarly, it also aspects Mercury in Leo.
Aquarius(Moon) Aries, Cancer (Sun, Ven), Libra Aquarius is a fixed sign and aspects three movable signs except Capricorn, which is adjacent. Similarly, it also aspects Sun & Venus in Cancer.
Pisces(Jup) Gemini (Rah), Virgo (Mars), Sagittarius (Ketu) Pisces is a dual sign and aspects the other dual signs. Similarly, Jupiter placed in Pisces also aspects the dual signs and the planets in them.

The aspect of Pisces (l) and Jupiter (K) on the dual signs except Pisces, the aspect of Capricorn (j) & Saturn (L) on the fixed signs except Aquarius and the aspect of Aquarius (k) & Moon (y) on the movable signs except Capricorn are shown in the figure-4.


[1] Crux of Vedic astrology (1998), Vedic Remedies in Astrology (2000), Maharishi Jaimini’s Upadesa Sutra (1997).

[2] tanou tana daṇḍa hara (Jaimini sūtra); tanou is 6th house and tanou-tana is 6th from 6th house or 11th house.

[3] Although there are four Upachaya houses 3rd, 6th, 10th & 11th, the 6th & 11th have been excluded as explained.

[4] Ṣaḍripu: The six weaknesses which are different from the pañca makara (five “M’s”)

Have you ever wondered why the order of the weekdays is ‘Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wedneday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday? The clue lies in Hora. It is the basis for determining the order of the weekdays.

List the planets on the basis of their average speeds or in the order of their dwipa (ellipsoidal orbits around the earth in the Bhu-Mandala). If we consider a heliocentric system then the speed of the Moon would be the highest followed by the order of the planets in their distance from the Sun i.e. Moon, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Here the Moon is the only satellite that is included as we are concerned with bodies influencing the earth by proximity or light.

Start LMT Hora Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
6 AM 1 Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat
7 2 Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup
8 3 Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar
9 4 Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun
10 5 Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven
11 6 Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer
Noon 7 Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon
1 PM 8 Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat
2 9 Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup
3 10 Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar
4 11 Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun
5 12 Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven
6 13 Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer
7 14 Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon
8 15 Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat
9 16 Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup
10 17 Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar
11 18 Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun
M.N 19 Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven
1 AM 20 Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer
2 21 Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon
3 22 Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup Ven Sat
4 23 Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar Mer Jup
5 24 Mer Jup Ven Sat Sun Mon Mar

Write down the Hora/hour lordships starting with the Sun for Sunday in the order of slowest to fastest as at (2) above, for every hour and we find that after completing the lordship of 24 hours of Sunday, the lord of the 25th hour which is the first hour of the next day is the Moon. Now, the lord of the first hour shall be the lord of the day, so the day following Sunday shall be Monday as the Moon lords the first hour of the second day.

Similarly, we do the exercise of writing the lordships of the 24 hours of Monday and lord of the 25th hour of Monday is also the lord of the first hour of the next day which is Mars. Hence the day following Monday shall be Tuesday (Mars-day) as it lord the first hour of the third day.

In this manner we derive the list of the weekdays as Sunday (Suns-day), Monday (Moon-day), Tuesday (Tyers-day or Mars-day), Wednesday (Wodens-day or Mercury-day), Thursday (Thor or Jupiter-day), Friday (Frei or Venus-day) and Saturday (Saturn-day).

Note the following:

  1. the lord of the fourth Hora starts the first hour of the next day
  2. the lord of the sixth Hora starts the first hour of the night.

The order of the days in the week is obtained based on the lordship of the first hour of the day. This is an important concept in Jyotish. Remember the following:

  • Rule # H01 The lord of the first hour of the day is the lord of the day called Dinesa or Varesha. We get two (perhaps more) corollaries from this rule which is the foundation of Hora shastra.
  • Cor#01: the lord of the first day (or first Hora) of a month becomes the Lord of the Month and is called Masadhipati (Lord of Month)
  • Cor#02: the Lord of the first day (or first Hora) in a Year becomes the lord of the year and is called and Varsheshwara (Lord of the Year).

Illustration: Determine the Lord of birth Hora for a person born at 9:15’ PM IST at Sambalpur, India (21N28’, 84E01’).  Standard time zone for India (82E30’)
Answer: The day of birth was Wednesday (Ruler: Mercury)

Longitude of Standard Time Zone (IST) 82E30 = 82+ (30/60) = 82.5000 Deg
Longitude of Local time (LMT) 84E01 = 84+ (1/60) = 84.0166 Deg
Longitude difference (IST Minus LMT) 82.5000 – 84.0166 = -1.5166 Deg
Convert difference into time (@4 min per degree) -1.5166 x 4 = – 6.0664 Min[1] = – 6’04”
LMT Correction Reduce (-) 6 Min 4 Sec
Starting time for Hora at Sambalpur 6 AM – 6’04” = 5:53’:56” IST[2]
Birth time 9:15’ PM IST = 21:15’ IST
Time Difference = Birth time – Starting time 21:15’ – 5:53’56” = 15:21’:04”
Hora (Round off the time difference into the next higher integer) 16
Lord of Hora Lord of 16th Hora on Wednesday = Moon

It maybe noted that for longitudes east of the time zone, the starting time shall be before 6 AM whereas for longitudes west of the time zone, the starting time shall be after 6 AM.
Use of Hora
1. The Hora has a direct influence on the houses and this knowledge is extensively used by the intelligent astrologer in planning his activities.
2. All activities started during the Hora ruled by the Lord of the related Bhava (House) in the birth chart shall surely fructify.
3. Similarly, activities started during the Hora of the Badhakesh from the concerned Bhava shall suffer obstruction and activities started during the Hora of the Rogesh (8th Lord) from the concerned Bhava shall suffer annihilation
Assignment & Tasks
1. Determine the Hora at the time of birth in your horoscope. Do the houses ruled by the Lord of the Hora have any special significance in your life?
2. Write a project or report concerning your work starting during the Hora of the Lord of the tenth house in your chart. Make a chart for the moment of starting this work. Evaluate the results after 6 months of completion of the project/ report.
3. Draw the chart for the swearing-in time for the President/ Prime-Minister of your Nation and determine the Hora Lord, Masadhipati and Varsheswara i.e. lords of the hour, month and year. Does this have any link to the main activity or focus of the Government during its tenure? Highlight the results and failures related to the houses ruled by the Lord of the Hora. Can you relate the success and failures to the relationship between the Lord of the tenth and the Lord of the Hora? You can use Argala, Drishti etc, to stress your points.
4. Will you ever write a book or teach Jyotish? If so, during which Hora should you give the Guru Mantra to your students? Does this have a link to the Bhava or the Arudha Pada of the Bhava?
5. You would like to buy a new house. Which Hora would be most suitable to negotiate for the house? On which day should you step into the new house?
6. On which day/Hora should you look up a doctor?
7. Which is the best day for you to see his Jyotish? If the Jyotish only gives appointment to people on weekends (Saturday/ Sunday), then which time is most suitable?
8. You had asked for an interview and the date given is very inauspicious, say it is ruled by the Lord of the 8th house. The time also seems to be most inauspicious. What would you do?
9. Your spouse has asked for a divorce and has walked out of the house. You don’t want to break the marriage. What would you do?

 


[1] Thus if a person wants his watch to show the Local time at Sambalpur, India then he has to move the minute hand ahead by about 6 Minutes.
[2] In other words when the watch (adjusted to Indian Standard Time) shows 5:53’:56”, the Local time at Sambalpur, India would be 6:00’:00” AM.
If instead we consider a geocentric system, then the same order will prevail except that the Sun will replace the earth as the relative speed of the earth will be the same as that of the Sun. Then the order of the planets based on speed in a geocentric system is

  • Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn…fastest to slowest, or
  • Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury and Moon … slowest to fastest. This is the order of the horä or the planetary lordship of the hours of the day.

The Sun is the king of the solar system and hence shall rule the first day and the first hour of the first day. Accordingly, the table of hora or lordship of the planets over the 24 hours of the day on the basis of slowest to fastest is given in the following table.

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Brahma has four heads from which He spoke the four vedas – the Rig Veda, Yaju Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. When the three guna (Satva, Rajas and Tamas) manifest, they do so in a combination such that either one of the three predominates or they are in a confused proportion where neither predominates. This results in four types of ‘Guna manifestation’ as explained by Parasara in his monumental classic Brhat Parasara Hora Shastra.

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“Sama-Saptaka” means mutual seventh and refers to the placement of two ‘otherwise friendly planets’ in mutual one-seventh houses from each other. The placement of two diremalefics in such places is not considered ’sama-saptaka’. For this purpose the planets must have at least ‘SAMA’ relationship in the Graha Maitrya (five types of relationship) table.
I will give two illustrations to explain my point.
(1)The mutual placement of Saturn and Mars in the 1st and 7th houses causes Unmada Yoga or madness.
Thus this position cannot be called Sama-saptaka as the planets are not only natural enemies, but also temporal enemies. What is worse, both are in Marana Karaka Sthana.
(2) The Mutual placement of Jupiter and Mars in the first and seventh house axis resulted in a powerful Guru-Mangala Yoga for Bhagavan Sri Rama and He cannot be defeated in battle. This is taught by Krishna as ‘among warriors, I am Rama’ – Bhagavat Gita.

Mahapurusa yoga
what happens to a human being after he endures suffering? In what direction does the Mahapurusa go? Can we ignore lagna? Look at this statement –
Lakshmi brings Love to the native
Griha Lakshmi gives him all the comforts and security
Dhana Lakshmi gives him the wealth of values that he cherishes
Kanakdhara gives him a stable business or carrer so that the flow of wealth and energy is sustainable
Mahalakshmi gives him victory in war
Vijaya lakshmi gives him victory in debates and legal battles…

Did you notice how the prefix Maha causes a warrior like image. That is what I was always advising that people should think of the panca mahapurusha as the five pandava brothers. See the definition for Kaladruma yoga and here also we find the condition of victory in wars and battles and this is associated with Lagna. To think of the Mahapurusa as the five heads of Lord Shiva is correct in a spiritual context but it fails to appreciate the condition that Shiva told Draupadi – no human being can be born with all the five heads or abilities in its complete form. That is why Draupadi had to have five husbands to fulfill the five mahapurusha requirements/abilities.

‘Kendra-adipati’ dosha of benefics
Now the word ‘Kendra-adipati’ clearly means ‘lordship of quadrant house’ which are defined as 10th, 7th, 4th and 1st in that order of strengths. The four kendra are the four doors of the horoscope through whch good and bad comes into the natives life. The lords of the Kendra are responsible to guard the doors and allow people to enter and exit. This is easily understood from the ‘bhupura’ of any chakra where the four doors are in the kendra/quadrants.

Now if you want to have a guard for the door, what would be the attributes that you will select? A good Pandit who is well versed in the vedas (Jup) or a black belt in Karate (Mars)? Naturally the Pandit will make a mess of things if he is asked to guard the door. He will fail to be strict due to his innate goodness and all sorts of riff-raff will enter into that area of his life thereby exploiting and damaging his life. A malefic planet will be harsh (Mars) strict (Saturn) or suspicious (Rahu) or very fiery (Sun) and will guard the door of his life with superb ability.
That is the meaning of Kendradhipati dosha.

Now what happens if the benefic gets fighting powers and a brahmin who is supposed to read books and Vedas decides to make weapons (take the case of Dronacharya or Albert Einstein or all those scientists who are involved in arms manufacture)…believe me, they will end up making the most destructive weapons in the world. A brahmin must always use his brains for spiritual path and peace. So when the benefic who is the lord of a Kendra also occupies a Kendra which happens to be its own sign or exaltation, then it becomes a ‘Maha’ Graha and has fighting powers, which when invoked can be very harsh.

What happens in real life is that at first the benefic allows all kinds of riff-raff to enter that aspects of his life and this is sure to happen if the lord of the Kendra is placed in a dusthana, especially the 6th house. This is the real meaning of Kendradhipati dosha. If the benefic is instead strong like being vargottama or in its own sign/exaltation in kendra forming a Maha yoga then the native will fight back and depending on stregth of the benefic will succeed or lose. In such a case it is crucial to make the benefic strong with gemstones and worship of the adhi devata or pratyadhi devata etc as per standard methods taught.

The area of life is seen from below –
Lagna – dharma or duties [and reputation in real life, ] 4th house – moksha or [home in real life including personal friends who come home, personal servants at home, etc] 7th house – spouse, people who interact with you for matters of pleasure and entertainment…another group of friends
10th house – all people associated with your work and finances

Souvik’s Questions: Param Guru Sanjay Rathji, Pranam.
Indeed that is such a wonderful explanation. However, I am just left with one (or should I say a few) doubt. This is about Pacha Mahapurusha Yoga when superimposed with Sama Saptaka concept.
I know and definitely understand after listening to each and every class of Atri that Sasa and Ruchaka MahaPurusha? Yoga applies at tamasic levels. However nevertheless we cannot deny them from being two out of five faces of Shiva (this is what I understand).
Under such circumstances would you consider a Libran Asc with Sat in Lagna and Mars in Moolatrikona in 7th. as a mentally ill person?
In one of your Atri classes you have mentioned yourself that Saturn in Bharani is good, Bharani being the nakshtra of Yama. I know of a person heading an organization quite big having Arian Saturn in Lagna and well honestly he is not insane.
The same classics you have mentioned that praise Jup in Kendra also talk about Kendrapati Dosha-Jup and Mer in Kendra for Pis,Sagg,Gemini and Virgo Lagna. How can a same benefic be good and bad in Kendra. Isn’t it true that malefics in Kendra are considered good?
I maybe completely confused or misinterpreting things. Please do clear my ignorance.

Sanjay Rath: That was precisely the point I was trying to make when discussing the meaning of Sama saptaka. According to the standard dictum,Jupiter in lagna and Mars in 7H or vice-versa should cause this while another dictum clearly confirms Saturn in lagna and Mars in 7H.

The point I was trying to make is to understand the Sama nature of the planets involved. In the chart of your sister, Venus is in lagna and degree wise is far more dominant than Saturn. In fact she should be independent, listening to everyone but doing what she feels right, ill health till say 10 years of age (general)…and definitely far from madness. She will actually be a very intelligent person. So you see how the presence of Venus in lagna has made the yoga defunct.

Now you see when Jupiter is in lagna and Mars is in the 7th, should we listen to Atri and Agastya praising this great yoga as the guru- mangala yoga in Sapta Rishi nadi or should I take that unmada yoga combination? What happens to all those other slokas about Guru in lagna and natural benefic like Jup destroying all evils (you have also made this point). So definitely that yoga mentioned is defunct and the yoga will work if Mars is in or aspects lagna and Jupiter is in 5 or 9th house but definitely not when Guru is in Kendra in lagna.

continued from Sambandha#1. The case studies done as a part of the discussions in the previous paper are listed here.

Graha Ārudha (required for some charts)

Calculation rules
1. For Graha Ārudha, count from the planet to its own sign. Then count as many signs from this own sign. The sign arrived at is the Graha Ārudha.
2. If by the above calculation, the Ārudha of a planet is determined to be in the same sign itself, then the tenth house from it should be treated as the Ārudha.
3. If by the above calculation, the Ārudha of a planet is determined to be in the seventh sign from it, then the fourth house from it should be treated as the Ārudha.

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Longevity related notes and the use of Utpanna, Adhana and Kshema Vimsottari dasa [Continued from Vimsottari Dasa #1]

Longevity related Notes On Vimsottari Dasa

Dasa Sesham[1]

Calculation of longevity should be done as per traditional tools. Separate Vimsottari dasa’s can be calculated from the fifth, fourth and eighth constellation from Janma Nakshatra[2] . These are called Utpanna dasa (5th Star), Kshema dasa (4th Star) and Adhana dasa (8th Star). Compare the ending dates of dasa’s under this to that of Janma Vimsottari (as determined in previous chapter). If the ending dates are close, then it can spell the end of life.

Illustration

Determine the Utpanna, Kshema and Adhana dasa of Male born on 7 August 1963 at 9:15’ PM IST at 21N28’ 84E01’(Chart 2).
In Chart 2, the Janma Nakshatra is Satabhisaj (24) and the Kshema star (4th) is Revati (27) ruled by Mercury; the Utpanna star (5th) is Aswini (1) ruled by Ketu and the Adhana star (8th) is Rohini (4) ruled by Moon. The Nakshatra balance is 0.001157 and the balance of Dasa can be easily calculated from this.
Kshema dasa balance
Full period of Mercury dasa = 17 years.
Balance of Mercury dasa = 17 X 0.001157 = 0.019669 Years = 0 Year 0 Month 7 Days
Thus, Ending date (Mercury) = 1963-08-07 (Birth Date YYYY-MM-DD) (+) 0-00-07 (Add)
= 1963-08-14(YYYY-MM-DD) or1963 Aug 14
Utpanna Dasa Balance
Full period of Ketu dasa = 7 years.
Balance of Mercury dasa = 7 X 0.001157 = 0.008099 Years
= 0 Year 0 Month 3 Days
Thus, Ending date (Ketu) = 1963-08-07 (Birth Date YYYY-MM-DD) (+) 0-00-03 (Add)
= 1963-08-10(YYYY-MM-DD) or1963 Aug 10
Adhana Dasa Balance
Full period of Moon dasa = 10 years.
Balance of Moon dasa = 10 X 0.001157 = 0.01157 Years
= 0 Year 0 Month 4 Days
Thus, Ending date (Moon) = 1963-08-07 (Birth Date YYYY-MM-DD)
(+) 0-00-04 (Add)
= 1963-08-11(YYYY-MM-DD) or1963 Aug 11

Table2-1 :Kshema Dasa Table Starting Date Ending Date
Dasa Planet Period Age Y M D Y M D
4 Kshema Merc 0-0-7 0 1963 8 7 1963 8 14
5 Pratya Ketu 07 07 1963 8 14 1970 8 14
6 Sadha Ven 20 27 1970 8 14 1990 8 14
7 Vadha Sun 06 33 1990 8 14 1996 8 14
8 Mitra Moon 10 43 1996 8 14 2006 8 14
9 Ati-mitra Mars 07 50 2006 8 14 2013 8 14
1 Janma Rahu 18 68 2013 8 14 2031 8 14
2 Sampat Jup 16 84 2031 8 14 2047 8 14
3 Vipat Sat 19 103 2047 8 14 2066 8 14
Table2-2 :Utpanna Dasa Table Starting Date Ending Date
Dasa Planet Period Age Y M D Y M D
5 Pratya Ketu 0-0-3 0 1963 8 7 1963 8 10
6 Sadha Ven 20 20 1963 8 10 1983 8 10
7 Vadha Sun 06 26 1983 8 10 1989 8 10
8 Mitra Moon 10 36 1989 8 10 1999 8 10
9 Ati-mitra Mars 07 43 1999 8 10 2006 8 10
1 Janma Rahu 18 61 2006 8 10 2024 8 10
2 Sampat Jup 16 77 2024 8 10 2040 8 10
3 Vipat Sat 19 96 2040 8 10 2059 8 10
4 Kshema Merc 17 113 2059 8 10 2076 8 10
Table2-3 :Adhana Dasa Starting Date Ending Date
Dasa Planet Period Age Y M D Y M D
8 Mitra Moon 0-0-4 0 1963 8 7 1963 8 11
9 Ati-mitra Mars 07 7 1963 8 11 1970 8 11
1 Janma Rahu 18 25 1970 8 11 1988 8 11
2 Sampat Jup 16 41 1988 8 11 2004 8 11
3 Vipat Sat 19 60 2004 8 11 2023 8 11
4 Kshema Merc 17 77 2023 8 11 2040 8 11
5 Pratya Ketu 7 84 2040 8 11 2047 8 11
6 Sadha Ven 20 104 2047 8 11 2067 8 11
7 Vadha Sun 6 110 2067 8 11 2073 8 11

Notes: The Utpanna, Kshema and Adhana Dasa are always calculated on the basis of the longitude of the Moon, even if the Lagna is stronger than the Moon as in this case.
Comparing dasa The four Dasa (i.e. Janma, Kshema, Utpanna & Adhana) are compared carefully to determine similarity in the ending dates of dasa. If the ending dates are the same in at least two of the dasa, then ill-health, accidents, premature death and other evils can be anticipated.

1. Comparing Table 2-1 & Table 2-2, we find that the fifth dasa in both end in 2006 AD showing danger. Now compare the dasa length in both. The fifth dasa in Table 2-1 is of the Moon for 10 years while that in table 2-2 is of Mars for 7 years. Take the shorter period and we can narrow down the danger period from 1999 to 2006.

2. Comparing Table 2-1 & Table 2-3, we find that the first dasa in both end in 1970 AD showing danger. Now compare the dasa length in both. The first dasa in Table 2-1 is of the Ketu for 7 years while that in Table 2-3 is of Mars for 7 years. Take the shorter period and we can narrow down the danger period from 1963 to 1970. During this period the native had many close encounters when as a baby he fell into a dam and was rescued by the timely intervention of his grandmother who dived in after him. Later in February 1969 he was badly mauled by a dog and had to undergo treatment for a few months. These incidents are represented by the planets having the Kshema Dasa [Ketu in a constellation of Venus clearly indicates danger from dogs, and specifically feminine-bitch) and Adhana dasa (Mars in a constellation of Moon shows the danger of accidents (Mars) in water (Moon) and the person who saves is seen from the house where 7th house occupied by Mars is the fourth (Mother/Aunt) from the fourth house (Mother) indicating grandmother].

3. Comparing Table 2-2 & Table 2-3, we find that the seventh dasa in both end in 2040 AD indicating danger or premature death. Now compare the dasa length in both. The seventh dasa in Table 2-2 is of the Jupiter for 16 years while that in Table 2-3 is of Mercury for 17 years. Take the shorter period and we can narrow down the danger period from 2024 to 2040. In this manner the dangerous periods should be determined and after calculating the longevity, the death inflicting dasa can be determined.
Death inflicting Dasa
1) The Dasa Sesham can cause death as all dasa tend to be evil towards their end. If the Sesham coincides for Utpanna, Adhana, Kshema or Janma Vimsottari dasa, then it can cause death.
2) The Janma dasa (First Vimsottari dasa) can cause death for Balarishtha[3] Jataka. The Vipat dasa (Third Vimsottari dasa) can cause death for Yogarishtha[4] and Alpa Ayus[5] Jataka[6]. The Pratya dasa (Fifth Vimsottari dasa) can cause death for Madhya Ayus[7] Jataka. The Vadha dasa (Seventh Vimsottari dasa) can cause death for Poorna Ayus[8] Jataka.
3) The dasa of the lord of the sixth house can bring wailing at home, especially in the antardasa of the lord of the eighth house when the death of the native himself can occur[9] . Similarly, dasa of Lord of eighth and antardasa of lord of the sixth can give death.
4) The stronger of the Lords of the 2nd or 8th house is called Rudra and it’s dasa or association can cause death of the native[10]. Similarly, the Rudra for parents are determined from the Sun or Venus (for Father) and Moon or Mars (for Mother) .
5) The dasa of a planet in Rasi-Sandhi (especially Gandanta) can bring sorrow and disease or even death. If it is in the last degree of the sign, then its dasa can produce death[11] .
6) Niryana Dasa[12] :For day birth, add the longitudes of the Sun and Saturn whereas for night birth add the longitudes of Rahu and Moon. The point arrived at by the sum of the longitudes will be in some constellation. The dasa of the lord of this constellation and antardasa indicated by the degree of the longitude sum can also determine death.
7) Gulika Dasa: The dasa/antardasa of the planets indicated by the longitude of Gulika in a constellation or that of planets associated with it can be death inflicting and harmful. The body can develop or be afflicted by poisonous substances.

Illustration

Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore was born on the 7th May 1861 at 2:51’ AM LMT at 22N40’ Lat & 88E30’ Long on Krishna Paksha Trayodasi (ruled by Jupiter) in the Vedic month of Chaitra.
Rabindranath Tagore was a great worshipper of Vishnu and perhaps, the greatest poets of his time. The Lagna has the Moon in it, and any computation will clearly bring out the importance of the Moon in initiating the Vimsottari Dasa. The Vimsottari dasa starting dates (from Moon)are as under:
Merc 1856-06-02 ; Ketu 1873-06-02 ; Venus 1880-06-02 ; Sun 1900-06-03 ; Moon 1906-06-03 ; Mars 1916-06-03 ; Rahu 1923-06-03 ; Jup 1941-06-03
It would be very difficult to explain the death of Rabindranath Tagore in Jupiter Dasa Jupiter antardasa, especially when Jupiter is the lord of Lagna and is also exalted in the ninth from Arudha Lagna. However Gulika is in Visakha Nakshatra ruled by Jupiter and hence Jupiter shall give the results of Gulika in its initial period. This resulted in death.
4. The dasa of the planets associated with the second and seventh house can also be death inflicting.
5. Divisional Charts: The death of the native can be studied form the Rasi and Trimsamsa whereas that of other relatives are to be seen from the other divisional charts. Parasara explains these as Drekkana (D-3) for co-born, Saptamsa (D-7) for children, Navamsa (D-9) for spouse, Dasamsa (D-10) for those related in the profession, Dwadasamsa (D-12) for Parents and elders, Vimsamsa (D-20) for Guru’s and Sisya (Upasana), Chaturvimsamsa (D-24) for teachers and students (Siddhi) and so on.

Assignment

Q1: Draw the Utpanna, Kshema and Adhana Dasa in your own chart and indicate the evil periods.
Q2: What is the reason for calculating these three types of Vimsottari Dasa based on the longitude of the Moon instead of Lagna?
Q3: Determine the period of death of at least two persons related to you (in any manner) using divisional charts.
Q4: Why are planets associated with the 2nd/7th houses death inflictors? Show at least one case where this has proved to be correct. What remedy does Parasara prescribe for this position or ownership of planets?
Q5: What is the importance of the Moon in averting Balarishta? What are the ages of Balarishta, Yogarishta, Alpa Ayus, Madhya Ayus and Poorna Ayus?
Q6:Case Study: Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, Born on 14 November 1889; 11:00’PM LMT Allahabad (25N27’ 81E51’). Explain the the following events:
1. death of his wife (28 Feb 1936); [Sun-Merc] 2. death of Father (6 Feb 1931), [Venus-Merc] 3. Marriage (8 Feb, 1916); [Venus-Sun] 4. Birth of Daughter (19 Nov, 1917) when he was in jail; [Venus-Moon] 5. His death 27 May 1964 [Rahu-Merc] 6. His illness that started in Feb 1963 [Rahu-Sat] Q7: Case Study: female born 23 January 1950, 6:15’ AM Ghaziabad, India. Husband died in Venus-Rahu-Venus Vimsottari Dasa-Antar-Pratyantar. Explain why?
HARI OM TAT SAT
[1] Sesham means ending or finishing
[2]
(JP 18-35)
[3] Balarishtha refers to infantile death (0 to 12 years). If this is destined, then the Janma dasa itself can cause death.
[4] Yogarishtha refers to teenage death around 12 to 20 years age. If this is destined, then the Vipat or third dasa can cause death.
[5] Alpa Ayus indicates premature death within 36 years. If a few other life determining factors are strong, then this can be within 40 years.
[6] Parasara

[7] Madhya Ayus refers to middle life where the longevity is from 36 to 72 years. Another classification is 40 to 80 years.
[8] Poorna Ayus or full life refers to the longevity in the range of 72 to 108 years. Another classification is 80 to 120 years. For more details refer to my translation of Jaimini’s Upadesa Sutra.
[9]
(JP 18-25)
[10]
(JP 18-38) The reference is to Sthira Karaka or fixed significators that are used in Ayur dasa or longevity estimation.
[11]
(JP 18-27)
[12] This is different from the Niryana Shoola Dasa and should not be mistaken. Niryana dasa has been defined as the death inflicting period of the Vimsottari dasa (or other Udu dasa) by the following Sloka in Jataka Parijata (JP 18-36):

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