The word Muhurta has a few meanings and references –

  1. Muhurta is a time measure of 48 minutes reckoned from sunrise as a part of definition of linear time concepts (based on the speed of light as in the Rig Veda 1.50). The smallest time unit called nimesha [Srimad Bhagavatam (III, 11-3 to 10); Mahabharata; ] is the smallest humanly conceivable timeframe and is defined as the ‘wink of an eye’. Bear in mind that this is the fixed measure and a linear concept.15 nimeshas make 1 kashta, [Manu says 18 nimesa instead (Manu Smriti1.64)…perhaps Manu winked faster than the other sages!] 15 kashta make one laghu15 laghu make one ghatika (also called danda) 2 ghatika (30 laghu) make 1 muhurta and 30 muhurta make 1 diva-ratri or day (of 24 hours)
  2. Muhurta for astrological purposes of defining the quality of time is not exactly 48 minutes every day and can vary based on sunrise, sunset and local noon. This is a non-linear concept being cyclical and is also not fixed. There are 30 muhurtas in a nakshatra ahoratra (sidereal day and night reckoned from one sunrise to the next sunrise). The period from sunrise to local noon is divided into 7½ Muhurta as is the period between local noon and sunset. In a similar manner the period from sunset to midnight and midnight to the next sunrise is divided into 7½ Muhurta each (7½ Muhurta x 4 = 30 Muhurta). These four points of time – sunrise, local noon, sunset and midnight are the four Gayatri pada. Each of the four time span between these points measuring 7½ Muhurta is called a Prahara. So, the four (4) Prahara make a day. The eighth Muhurta spanning the last ½ Muhurta of the morning and first ½Muhurta of the afternoon is called Abhijeet Muhurta and is very auspicious as it maps into the Abhijeet nakshatra which is ruled by Hari (Narayana; hence Hari vamsa or Hari-kulesa {Hercules?) belonging to the lineage of Hari).
  3. The seven nakshatra before Abhijeet map into the seven Muhurta before Abhijeet Muhurta and constitute the first Prahara or morning. These are (1) Svati,(2) Visakha, (3) Anuradha, (4) Jyestha, (5) Magha, (6) Purva Phalguni, (7) Uttara Phalguni. The twenty (20) nakshatra after Abhijeet map into the twenty (20) muhurtas following Abhijeet Muhurta. In this manner the twenty eight nakshatra map into the 28 muhurtas starting from sunrise and the remaining two muhurta before sunrise are attributed to the Creator. These two muhurta taken together (96 minutes before sunrise) are loosely called as Brahma Muhurta. However, they are different in their energy and are better understood as Brahma and Surya (or Savitur to be more precise) being both Creators yet different. Brahma is the deity of Saturn and is associated with rebirth of the soul and this 29th Muhurta is excellent for meditation on the reasons for our creation, the purpose of this birth and realisation of the self and God whereas the 30th Muhurta is best for praying to the creator Savitur for impelling our intelligence in the right direction, burning the sins that led to rebirth and recovering from the curses and dridha karma of past births.3. Muhurta is one of the ten wives of Dharma and one of the sixty daughters (shatyamsa) of Daksa Prajapati the creator and Asikni. These sixty daughters are Sati, Khyati, Smrti, Svaha, Anasuya, Svadha, Priti, Kshama, Sambhuti,Sannati, Arundhati, Kirti, Laksmi, Dhrti, Medha Tusti, Sraddha, Kriya, Mati, Buddhi, Lajja, Vasu, Santi, Pusti, Siddhi, Rati, Arundhati, Vasudhasi, Lamba, Bhanu, Marutvati, Samkalpa, Muhurta, Sadhya, Visva, Aditi, Diti, Kala, Danayu, Simhika, Muni, Kadru, Krodha, Ira, Pava Vinata, Surabhi, Khasa, Bhrsasva, Suprabha and Jaya. Daksa Prajapati had his daughters marry illustrious persona of the vedic period.

(1)   Two daughters married sage Angira (concept of truth and untruth) and Brihaspati was an offspring of this marriage.
(2)   two daughters married the sage Krishashva (Supragya and Jaya),
(3) ten daughters were married to Dharma (concepts of navagraha lagna, the ten variables that define the individual creation based on dharma named Arundhati, Vasu, Yami, Lamba, Bhanumati, Marutvati, Sankalpa, Muhurta, Saadhya and Vishva),
(4) fourteen to sage Kashyap (concept of the fourteen worlds – seven of the devas and seven of the asuras populated largely by the children of these fourteen wives named Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kala, Anayu, Sinhika, Muni, Kadru, Saadhya, Ira, Krodha, Vinta, Surabhi and Khaga) and
(5) twenty-eight daughters to Chandra, the Moon God (concept of 28 nakshatra or constellations as the mental consciousness states and concept/experience of time).

The ten wives of Dharma gave birth to children (personification of concepts). The statements of the scriptures are examined here on the basis of the Arundhati Interpretation Principle – understood as the “Pointer principle” like pointing to a star. This principle was used to make statements often direct or propositions about gods, sages and other persona of the Vedic period in a figurative manner to show the underlying truth behind various aspects of life and sciences while simultaneously denying that these were not absolute truths but were instead pointers to that absolute truth.

Ten Wives of Dharma –

1. Sun: Bhanu gave birth to twelve Bhanus [the twelve Suns in the signs and not the sun signs which are Aditya as the sons of Aditi]. These are Dhata, Mitra, Aryama, Pusa, Sakra (Indra), Amsa, Varuna, Bhaga, Tvasta, Vivasvan, Savita and Visnu. (Nilamata Purana also).
2. Moon: Saadhya (accomplishment) gave birth to Saadhyaganas or Sadhva (personification of accomplishment resources). Personified as the rites and prayers that lead to accomplishment of the spiritual path, these twelve(from 12 Moon signs) listed in the Vayu Purana are Darsha, Paurnamasa, Vrihadashwa, Rathantara etc. The seventeen goals (from 16 Moon rays or Kala+ Supreme consciousness = 17) that result from these twelve paths are listed in the Matsya and Padma Purana as Bhava, Prabhava, Isha etc.
3. Mars: Vasu to Vasuganas or eight Vasudevas who were personifications of Agni /energy and were full of light and splendour. Apa, Dhruva, Soma (aka.Bhoja), Dhava (fire), Anila (wind), Anala (fire), Pratyusha (day-break or transformation from light to darkness and vice-versa), and Prabhasa (light).[Agni tatva ruled by Mars] 4. Mercury: Arundhati gave birth to the divisions of the earth and populated it. [Prithvi tatva ruled by Mercury]. This Arundhati is different from the daughter of Kashyapa of a similar name who was the wife of sage Vasistha. However the similarity in the name does show synergy*.
5. Jupiter: Muhurta gave birth to Muhurta ganas or the thirty personified deities of the Muhurta
6. Venus: Vishva gave birth to the Vishvedevas or the world creators. The Vishwadeva are either ten or twelve depending on the creation level or type as Jadatma (non-living) or Jivatma (living). For jadatma creation(non-living world), dasamsa (D10) is the sphere of action and the ten vishwadeva guiding the path to the ten digpala (direction deities) are listed in the Vayu Purana. For jivatma creation (living beings), dwadasamsa (D12) is the sphere of action and the twelve vishwadeva guiding the path to the four deities of the dvadasamsa (as the four mouths of Brahma) are listed in the Matsya Purana. [Jala tatva ruled by Venus is the root forsapta rasa that is used for creation. The sapta rasa or seven liquids as flavours /taste/fluid energy are (1) salty water, (2) milk, (3) butter(ghee), (4) curd, (5) wine, (6) sweetness of sugarcane-juice and (7) tastywater (Nilamata Purana).
7. Saturn: Marutvati gave birth to Marutvaans or Maruts, the wind gods[Saturn rules the vayu/air tatva] 8. Rahu: Lamba gave birth to Ghosha the arc of the heavens (celestial sphere and other arc concepts)
9. Ketu: Yami the daughter of the night, gave birth to Naagvithi (the milkyway defining one border of the zodiac)
10. Lagna: Sankalpaa gave birth to Sankalpa, the pious or auspicious and praiseworthy one and the ‘identity/self of all’ [implying that one Lagna(sankalpa) follows another (sankalpa); the word Kalpa means head or lagnathat defines the being created]

* Arundhati is also called Sandhya as Mercury alone is strong at these junction times and all other planets are weak. The Rajas energy of Mercury gives it the power of division. Arundhati’s spiritual might is seen in her other name ‘aksha-mala’ and her tapas of ability to ‘talk continuously on dharma for 12 years without food or sleep’ (Mercury rules speech) was extolled by Siva as that unmatched by the Rishi’s when it ended famine. She is seen with her spouse Vasistha in the Urja star and is considered very auspicious for newly weds to view and make a wish for being like her and close to spouse all the time. She is the grandmother of Parasara and great-grandmother of Krishna Dwaipayana Vedavyasa.

TO DO: please mark this in a diary

(1) Read more about the Arundhati Interpretation Principle – understood as the “Pointer principle” like pointing to a star as this is the key to understanding symbolism used in Jyotisa and the Vedas. [NOW] (2) List the names of the 30 Muhurta, understand their meanings and symbolism associated with the 28 nakshatras and Brahma and Savitur, they map into
(3) Calculate the starting and ending Muhurta time for all the 30 Muhurta for the first day of each month (sankranti dates) so that you can use this
(4) Determine what is best for you to do in each muhurta based on your natal chart with 28 nakshatra (use Sarvato Bhadra Chakra) and also the spiritual practises for Brahma Muhurta (last 2 muhurtas).
(5) To understand dharma manifestation from the ninth house from (a) Lagna,(b) Karakamsa, (c) Arudha Lagna [Future – when you learn about this]


You must be logged in to post a comment.


Standard Reading US$ 270
Vedic Reading with Pt. Sanjay Rath. Telephone or Personal meeting. Digital recordings emailed same day.
For Appointment Contact:

Quick Consult 30 Min US$ 180
Vedic Reading with Pt. Sanjay Rath. Telephone or Personal meeting.
For Appointment Contact:

Appointment: +91-98104 49850 | Email | Appointments
Call only with prior appointment
US:+1 (650) 209 4770
IN:+91 (11) 4504 8762
UK: +44 (20) 7617 7373
AU: +61 (03) 9013 7774
You MUST download, fill and email reading form to
PDF is not advisible unless this is for personal meeting

Rich Text Format [rtf] 143.39 Kb

Word – DOC [doc] 98.50 Kb

Word – DOCX [docx] 45.24 Kb

Portable Document PDF [pdf] 89.05 Kb
Once you have downloaded and completed the Vedic Reading Form, please upload it
DropBox Upload
Reading Form


PJC Updates
Sri Sarada Math
Guru Dakṣiṇā

Upcoming Events

  • PJC 2B Batch-2015 August 9, 2018 – August 26, 2018 Neelesh inn, Mandir Marg, Bhimtal, Uttarakhand 263136, India
  • Shraddha September 24, 2018 – October 8, 2018
  • PJC-2A Batch-2017 October 11, 2018 – November 4, 2018
  • Mantra Shastra I December 16, 2018 – December 22, 2018

Subscribe via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 4,931 other subscribers

Sagittarius Publications

Sagittarius Publications is the publisher and distributor the popular quaterly magazine the Jyotish Digest, as well as many thorough books on the subject of Vedic Astrology or Jyotish.
Among its popular publications are Collected Papers in Vedic Astrology, Brihat Nakshatra and Maharishi Jaimini Upadesa Sutra by Sanjay Rath and Nakshatra Vibhuti
+91-11-45641849 9 AM - 5 PM

About Rath

  • Solar Eclipse 2014

    Annular Solar Apr-29Fred EspenakSeries: SEsaros148 Unlike the lunar eclipse which has a more spiritual signification as well as personal, the solar eclipse is of much greater importance as this shows the world changing around us. There are FOUR eclipses in 2014 (NASA Eclipse Web). Highlights of the eclipses are – […]

  • Lunar Eclipse of 2014

    There are FOUR eclipses in 2014 (NASA Eclipse Web). Highlights of the eclipses are – The two lunar eclipses precede the two solar eclipses The first pair occurs in April 2014 – lunar eclipse on April 15 and annular solar eclipse on April 29 The second pair occurs in October […]

  • Eclipse Factor

    Annular Solar Eclipse of May 31, 2003 Although the Sun is 400 times larger than the Moon, yet it is also about 400 times as far from the Earth than the Moon. This situation causes the two luminaries (Sun and Moon) to appear as about the same size in the […]

  • Devaguru Bṛhaspati Center

    Devaguru Bṛhaspati Center is a subsidiary of SJC (Śrī Jagannāth Center) with the objective of bringing out the traditional wisdom of the vedic seers which has been passed down through generations of vedic astrologers residing in the coast of Puri at Odissa state. Meanings Bṛhaspati (बृहस्पति) has been extolled in […]

  • Pañca Sakhā

    The five Mahāpuruṣa of Orissa are the initiators of the lineages. Our lineage of Vedic astrology comes from the holy feet of Sri Achyutananda. अच्युताय नमस्तुभ्यं गुरवे परमात्मने। सर्वतन्त्रस्वतन्त्राय चिद्घनानन्दमूर्तये॥ acyutāya namastubhyaṁ gurave paramātmane | sarvatantrasvatantrāya cidghanānandamūrtaye || Pancha Mahapurusha of Orissa … Pancha means five and sakha means friends […]


  • Bondage Freedom

    Ketu as the mokṣa-karaka is the giver of emancipation of every kind. Most astrologers only look at the spiritual aspect of freedom from rebirth, which truly is the penultimate goal. But there are many types of bondages and one seeks freedom from these or protection from it. Something like jail […]

  • Age of Śaktī

    Moon represents Ambikā who manifests as Durgā and all the śaktī of the various devatā. She is the bindu which gives life to every akṣara. If the akṣara represent the deva having the power to enlighten, their very existence and identity depends on the soma-rasa (milk of kindness) they receive […]

  • Om Hrīm Ritam Mantra

    Om Hrīm Ritam By Swami Vivekananda This is a San­skrit hymn to Sri Rama­kri­shna, com­posed by Swami Vivekananda.

  • Multiple Hanuman Jayanti

    In Sanskrit he is more appropriately called हनुमत् (hanumat) which means “one having mighty jaws” indicating the power to bite and hold on to the task – a symbol of determination. He is vānara (monkey) and one of the most celebrated of a host of divine ape-like beings, created by […]

  • Graha Puraścaraṇa Prayogaḥ

    साधुसंकुलि तन्त्र॥ These prayers are from the sādhusaṁkuli tantra and are titled ग्रहपुरश्चरण प्रयोगः (grahapuraścaraṇa prayogaḥ) Sun ॐ रक्तपद्मासनं देवं चतुर्बाहुसमन्वितम् । क्षत्रियं रक्तवर्नञच गोत्रं काश्यपसम्भवं॥ सप्ताश्वरथमारूढं प्रचण्डं सर्वसिद्धिदम् । द्विभुजं रक्तपद्मैश्च संयुक्तं प्र्माद्भुतं॥ कलिञगदेशजं देवं मौलिमाणिक्यभूषणम् । त्रिनेत्रं तेजसा पूर्णमुदयाचलसंस्थितं॥ द्वादशाञगुल-विस्तीर्णं प्रबरं घृतकौशिकम् । शिवाधिदैवं पुर्वास्यं ब्रह्मप्रत्यधिदैवतं॥ om raktapadmāsanaṁ […]

Learn Jyotisa

  • Dhana Kāraka Workshop

    Śrī Jagannāth Center announces its first workshop in the study of Dhana Yoga. This workshop shall lay the foundation for the study of wealth and career directions. There are three pivots to the study of life and these are the three charts – lagna, sūrya and chandra chakra. The role played by each of these charts is to be examined in the first day of this two-day workshop. On the second day, we examine the role of Devaguru Bṛhaspati as the kāraka. It is interesting that all three sattva guṇa planets – Sun, Moon and Jupiter play such an important role in life.

  • NY Workshop on Spiritual Yogas 2017

    Jyotiṣa of the Four Soul Yogas Dates: Weekend 22-23 July, 2017; 9.30am – 6.00pm Venue: The Alchemical Theatre Laboratory, 104 West 14th Street, between 6th & 7th Ave. New York, NY 10011; Bookings: One-Day $108 or Complete Workshop $180 Choose Participation Full Workshop $180.00 USD Saturday Only $108.00 USD Sunday […]

  • SFO Vimśottari Daśā Workshop

    Saturday Schedule AM 9-12: Sanjay Rath Introduction to Vimśottari Daśā; daśā periods; easy calculation; Janma daśā from Moon; four main types of vimśottari daśā – Janma, Utpanna, Kṣema and Ādhana Daśā; Choosing correct vimśottari daśā; although vimśottari daśā is to six levels, only two levels viz. daśā, antara will be […]

  • SAYF 18th Vedic Astrology Conference 2017

    18th Vedic Astrology Conference Exploring the Inner Journey through Yoga and Jyotisha Presented by Sanjay Rath, Sarbani Rath, Komilla Sutton, Andrew Foss PhD, William R. Levacy, PhD, James Kelleher, Keiko Ito, Bill Sinclair, Pandit Samavedula, Swami Sitaramananda Dates: Saturday, July 1 – Wednesday, July 5, 2017 Venue: 14651 Ballantree Ln, […]

  • BAVA 18th International Conference

    Faculty Pdt Sanjay Rath, Sarbani Rath, Pdt Samavedula, Dee Lekha, Keiko Ito, Bulbul Barrett, Vijaya Subramanian, Komilla Sutton, Andrew Foss, Geoffrey Pearce, Gordon Brennan, Barry Rosen. A brief biopic is included below. Venue Workshops on Thursday, Monday and Tuesday The Theosophical Society, 50 Gloucester Place London W1U 8EA. Nearest tube […]

Related Topics

  • Deep Introduction to Nakshatras

    25.08.2017 Interview on KRSchannel of Kapiel Raaj Transcribed by Natalia Fedorova Наталья Федорова Kapiel Raaj: Hello Ladies and Gentlemen, he is back, he was a blockbuster head on KRSchannel so we are bringing the sequel because the blockbuster head movie needs the sequels. Please help me welcome Shri Sanjay Rath […]

  • Bṛhaspati Kavacha Mantra

    In jyotiṣa there is a saying that when Jupiter protects there is none that can destroy. Jupiter brings in the great mantra powers into the fifth bhāva and dharma into the ninth bhāva. He is the ‘jīva graha’ responsible for bringing life into the various bodies. The Brahma Yamala lists […]

  • Sleep Direction

    The direction in which we sleep plays a vital role in automatically charging the body for the next day. Sleep is the natural means to rest and rejuvenate. It heals the mind and the body. In an average we sleep for a third part of our lives and this this […]

  • Oscar Pistorius found guilty of murder

    Related Articles Oscar Pistorius Reeva Steenkamp Murder Justice has its ways and in a case where the world thought that he may not be really guilty, we had actually pronounced him “Guilty of Murder”. On Dec. 3, 2015, a South African appeals court changed Oscar Pistorius’ manslaughter verdict and found […]

  • Thirty-Six Rājayoga Gemstones

    The Agni Purāṇa recommends thirty-six gemstones for activation of rājayoga for the kings. I guess ordinary mortals can also make good use of these recommendations. The Sanskrit recommendation and our translation is given below. वज्रं मरकतं रत्नं पद्मरागं च मोक्तिकम्॥ vajraṁ marakataṁ ratnaṁ padmarāgaṁ ca mouktikam|| (1) Diamond (2) Emerald […]

Learn from Tradition

Sohamsa offers online courses in jyotish (Vedic Astrology) taught directly by Sanjay Rath as per the tradition, through narrated power points and other audio tools. The courses are at different levels, from the beginners through the intermediate to the advanced and are known as SoHamsa | DBC courses, with individual classrooms and assistant teachers
Certificate Course, Jaimini Scholars
Free Courses